Transforms

Another small utility class. The Tortoise class extends the Turtle class by adding support for transforms. A transform is a function that maps an input [x,y] coordinate to a transformed [x', y'] output coordinate.

#transform #tortoise

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// Transforms. Created by Reinder Nijhoff 2019 - @reindernijhoff
// The MIT License
//
// Another small utility class. The Tortoise class extends the Turtle class by adding support
// for transforms. A transform is a function that maps an input [x,y] coordinate to a
// transformed [x', y'] output coordinate.
//
// https://turtletoy.net/turtle/102cbd7c4d
//

const text = new Text();

function Translate(x,y) { return p => [p[0]+x, p[1]+y]; }
function Wave(f, a) { return p => [p[0], p[1]+Math.sin(p[0]*f)*a]; }
function Rotate(a) { return p => [p[0]*Math.cos(a)+p[1]*Math.sin(a), p[1]*Math.cos(a)-p[0]*Math.sin(a)]; }
function Scale(s) { return p => [p[0]*s, p[1]*s]; }
function Barrel(b) { return p => { let s = (1+(p[0]**2 + p[1]**2)*b); return [p[0]*s, p[1]*s]; } }

drawBicycle(new Tortoise(),                             -50, -60, "None");
drawBicycle(new Tortoise().addTransform(Barrel(-.0003)),-50,   0, "Barrel");
drawBicycle(new Tortoise().addTransform(Rotate(.5)),    -50,  60, "Rotate");
drawBicycle(new Tortoise().addTransform(Scale(.5)),      50, -60, "Scale");
drawBicycle(new Tortoise().addTransform(Wave(.3,2)),     50,   0, "Wave");
drawBicycle(new Tortoise().addTransform(Wave(.3,2))
                          .addTransform(Rotate(-.5))
                          .addTransform(Scale(.75))
                          .addTransform(Barrel(-.00075)),  50,  60, " All");

function drawBicycle(t, x, y, str) {
    t = t.addTransform(Translate(x, y));
    t.jmp(-15,-5); t.circle(10);
    t.jmp( 15,-5); t.circle(10);
    t.jmp(-15, 5); 
        t.goto(0, 5); t.goto(10, -10); 
        t.goto(-5, -10); t.goto(-15, 5);
    t.jmp( 0, 5); t.goto(-6, -13); t.goto(-8, -13); t.goto(-2, -13);  
    t.jmp( 15, 5); t.goto( 9, -13);  t.goto( 14, -13); t.circle(2, 180);
    t.setheading(0);
    t.jmp(-10,22); text.print(t, str, .3);
}


////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Tortoise utility code (Minimal Turtle and Transforms)
// https://turtletoy.net/turtle/102cbd7c4d
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

function Tortoise(x, y) {
    class Tortoise extends Turtle {
        constructor(x, y) {
            super(x, y);
            this.ps = Array.isArray(x) ? [...x] : [x || 0, y || 0];
            this.transforms = [];
        }
        addTransform(t) {
            this.transforms.push(t);
            this.jump(this.ps);
            return this;
        }
        applyTransforms(p) {
            if (!this.transforms) return p;
            let pt = [...p];
            this.transforms.map(t => { pt = t(pt); });
            return pt;
        }
        goto(x, y) {
            const p = Array.isArray(x) ? [...x] : [x, y];
            const pt = this.applyTransforms(p);
            if (this.isdown() && (this.pt[0]-pt[0])**2 + (this.pt[1]-pt[1])**2 > 4) {
               this.goto((this.ps[0]+p[0])/2, (this.ps[1]+p[1])/2);
               this.goto(p);
            } else {
                super.goto(pt);
                this.ps = p;
                this.pt = pt;
            }
        }
        position() { return this.ps; }
    }
    return new Tortoise(x,y);
}

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Text utility code - https://turtletoy.net/turtle/1713ddbe99
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

function Text() {
    class Text {
        print (t, str, scale) {
            t.radians();
            let pos = [t.x(), t.y()], h = t.h(), o = pos;
            str.split('').map(c => {
                const i = c.charCodeAt(0) - 32;
                if (i < 0 ) {
                    pos = o = this.rotAdd([0, 48*scale], o, h);
                } else if (i > 96 ) {
                    pos = this.rotAdd([16*scale, 0], o, h);
                } else {
                    const d = dat[i], lt = d[0]*scale, rt = d[1]*scale, paths = d[2];
                    paths.map( p => {
                        t.up();
                    	p.map( s=> {
                        	t.goto(this.rotAdd([s[0]*scale - lt, s[1]*scale], pos, h));
                        	t.down();
                        });
                    });
                    pos = this.rotAdd([rt - lt, 0], pos, h);
                }
            });
        }
        rotAdd (a, b, h) {
            return [Math.cos(h)*a[0] - Math.sin(h)*a[1] + b[0], 
                    Math.cos(h)*a[1] + Math.sin(h)*a[0] + b[1]];
        }
    }
    
const dat = ('br>eoj^jl<jqirjskrjq>brf^fe<n^ne>`ukZdz<qZjz<dgrg<cmqm>`thZhw<lZlw<qao_l^h^e_caccdeefg'+
'gmiojpkqmqporlshsercp>^vs^as<f^h`hbgdeeceacaab_d^f^h_k`n`q_s^<olmmlolqnspsrrspsnqlol>]wtgtfsereqfph'+
'nmlpjrhsdsbraq`o`makbjifjekckaj_h^f_eaecffhimporqssstrtq>eoj`i_j^k_kajcid>cqnZl\\j_hcghglhqjulxnz>c'+
'qfZh\\j_lcmhmllqjuhxfz>brjdjp<egom<ogem>]wjajs<ajsj>fnkojpiojnkokqis>]wajsj>fnjniojpkojn>_usZaz>`ti'+
'^f_dbcgcjdofrisksnrpoqjqgpbn_k^i^>`tfbhak^ks>`tdcdbe`f_h^l^n_o`pbpdofmicsqs>`te^p^jfmfogphqkqmppnrk'+
'shserdqco>`tm^clrl<m^ms>`to^e^dgefhekenfphqkqmppnrkshserdqco>`tpao_l^j^g_ebdgdlepgrjsksnrppqmqlping'+
'kfjfggeidl>`tq^gs<c^q^>`th^e_dadceegfkgnhpjqlqopqorlshserdqcocldjfhigmfoepcpao_l^h^>`tpeohmjjkikfjd'+
'hcecddaf_i^j^m_oapepjoomrjshserdp>fnjgihjikhjg<jniojpkojn>fnjgihjikhjg<kojpiojnkokqis>^vrabjrs>]wag'+
'sg<amsm>^vbarjbs>asdcdbe`f_h^l^n_o`pbpdofngjijl<jqirjskrjq>]xofndlcicgdfeehekfmhnknmmnk<icgefhfkgmh'+
'n<ocnknmpnrntluiugtdsbq`o_l^i^f_d`bbad`g`jambodqfrislsorqqrp<pcokompn>asj^bs<j^rs<elol>_tc^cs<c^l^o'+
'_p`qbqdpfoglh<chlhoipjqlqopqorlscs>`urcqao_m^i^g_eadccfckdnepgrismsorqprn>_tc^cs<c^j^m_oapcqfqkpnop'+
'mrjscs>`sd^ds<d^q^<dhlh<dsqs>`rd^ds<d^q^<dhlh>`urcqao_m^i^g_eadccfckdnepgrismsorqprnrk<mkrk>_uc^cs<'+
'q^qs<chqh>fnj^js>brn^nnmqlrjshsfreqdndl>_tc^cs<q^cl<hgqs>`qd^ds<dsps>^vb^bs<b^js<r^js<r^rs>_uc^cs<c'+
'^qs<q^qs>_uh^f_daccbfbkcndpfrhslsnrppqnrkrfqcpan_l^h^>_tc^cs<c^l^o_p`qbqepgohlici>_uh^f_daccbfbkcnd'+
'pfrhslsnrppqnrkrfqcpan_l^h^<koqu>_tc^cs<c^l^o_p`qbqdpfoglhch<jhqs>`tqao_l^h^e_caccdeefggmiojpkqmqpo'+
'rlshsercp>brj^js<c^q^>_uc^cmdpfrisksnrppqmq^>asb^js<r^js>^v`^es<j^es<j^os<t^os>`tc^qs<q^cs>asb^jhjs'+
'<r^jh>`tq^cs<c^q^<csqs>cqgZgz<hZhz<gZnZ<gznz>cqc^qv>cqlZlz<mZmz<fZmZ<fzmz>brj\\bj<j\\rj>asazsz>fnkc'+
'ieigjhkgjfig>atpeps<phnfleiegfehdkdmepgrislsnrpp>`sd^ds<dhffhekemfohpkpmopmrkshsfrdp>asphnfleiegfeh'+
'dkdmepgrislsnrpp>atp^ps<phnfleiegfehdkdmepgrislsnrpp>asdkpkpiognfleiegfehdkdmepgrislsnrpp>eqo^m^k_j'+
'bjs<gene>atpepuoxnylzizgy<phnfleiegfehdkdmepgrislsnrpp>ate^es<eihfjemeofpips>fni^j_k^j]i^<jejs>eoj^'+
'k_l^k]j^<kekvjyhzfz>are^es<oeeo<ikps>fnj^js>[y_e_s<_ibfdegeifjijs<jimfoeretfuius>ateees<eihfjemeofp'+
'ips>atiegfehdkdmepgrislsnrppqmqkphnfleie>`sdedz<dhffhekemfohpkpmopmrkshsfrdp>atpepz<phnfleiegfehdkd'+
'mepgrislsnrpp>cpgegs<gkhhjfleoe>bsphofleieffehfjhkmlompopporlsisfrep>eqj^jokrmsos<gene>ateeeofrhsks'+
'mrpo<peps>brdejs<pejs>_ubefs<jefs<jens<rens>bseeps<pees>brdejs<pejshwfydzcz>bspees<eepe<esps>cqlZj['+
'i\\h^h`ibjckekgii<j[i]i_jakbldlfkhgjkllnlpkrjsiuiwjy<ikkmkojqirhthvixjylz>fnjZjz>cqhZj[k\\l^l`kbjci'+
'eigki<j[k]k_jaibhdhfihmjilhnhpirjskukwjy<kkimiojqkrltlvkxjyhz>^vamakbhdgfghhlknlplrksi<akbidhfhhill'+
'nmpmrlsisg>brb^bscsc^d^dsese^f^fsgsg^h^hsisi^j^jsksk^l^lsmsm^n^nsoso^p^psqsq^r^rs').split('>').map(
    r=> { return [r.charCodeAt(0)-106,r.charCodeAt(1)-106, r.substr(2).split('<').map(a => {const ret 
    = []; for (let i=0; i<a.length; i+=2) {ret.push(a.substr(i, 2).split('').map(b => b.charCodeAt(0)
    -106));} return ret; })]; });

    return new Text();
}